A special meaning shall be given to a term if it is established that the parties so intended. Article 13 Consent to be bound by a treaty expressed by an exchange of instruments constituting a treaty The consent of States to be bound by a treaty constituted by instruments exchanged between them is expressed by that exchange when: The same rule applies to suspension of the operation of a treaty.
Article 62 Fundamental change of circumstances 1. Except where a particular text prevails in accordance with paragraph 1, when a comparison of the authentic texts discloses a difference of meaning which the application of articles 31 and 32 does not remove, the meaning which best reconciles the texts, having regard to the object and purpose of the treaty, shall be adopted.
If, under the foregoing paragraphs, a party may invoke a fundamental change of circumstances as a ground for terminating or withdrawing from a treaty it may also invoke the change as a ground for suspending the operation of the treaty.
Article 22Withdrawal of reservations and of objections to reservations 1. The consent of a State to be bound by a treaty which permits a choice between differing provisions is effective only if it is made clear to which of the provisions the consent relates. Article 27 Internal law and observance of treaties A party may not invoke the provisions of its internal law as justification for its failure to perform a treaty.
Article 35Treaties providing for obligations for third States An obligation arises for a third State from a provision of a treaty if the parties to the treaty intend the provision to be the means of establishing the obligation and the third State expressly accepts that obligation in writing.
A State exercising a right in accordance with paragraph 1 shall comply with the conditions for its exercise provided for in the treaty or established in conformity with the treaty. Article 66 Procedures for judicial settlement, arbitration and conciliation If, under paragraph 3 of article 65, no solution has been reached within a period of 12 months following the date on which the objection was raised, the following procedures shall be followed: A State may not invoke the fact that its consent to be bound by a treaty has been expressed in violation of a provision of its internal law regarding competence to conclude treaties as invalidating its consent unless that violation was manifest and concerned a rule of its internal law of fundamental importance.
The amending agreement does not bind any State already a party to the treaty which does not become a party to the amending agreement; article 30, paragraph 4 bapplies in relation to such State.
There shall be taken into account, together with the context: If the ground relates solely to particular clauses, it may be invoked only with respect to those clauses where: In the event of any difference appearing between a State and the depositary as to the performance of the latter's functions, the depositary shall bring the question to the attention of the signatory States and the contracting States or, where appropriate, of the competent organ of the international organization concerned.
This rule is without prejudice to article Article 5Treaties constituting international organizations and treaties adopted within an international organization The present Convention applies to any treaty which is the constituent instrument of an international organization and to any treaty adopted within an international organization without prejudice to any relevant rules of the organization.
A person is considered as representing a State for the purpose of adopting or authenticating the text of a treaty or for the purpose of expressing the consent of the State to be bound by a treaty if: Unless in a case falling under paragraph 1 a the treaty otherwise provides, the parties in question shall notify the other parties of their intention to conclude the agreement and of the modification to the treaty for which it provides.
Article 59 Termination or suspension of the operation of a treaty implied by conclusion of a later treaty 1. A fundamental change of circumstances which has occurred with regard to those existing at the time of the conclusion of a treaty, and which was not foreseen by the parties, may not be invoked as a ground for terminating or withdrawing from the treaty unless: Article 12 Consent to be bound by a treaty expressed by signature 1.
Unless the treaty otherwise provides or the negotiating States have otherwise agreed, the provisional application of a treaty or a part of a treaty with respect to a State shall be terminated if that State notifies the other States between which the treaty is being applied provisionally of its intention not to become a party to the treaty.2 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties Done at Vienna on 23 May The States Parties to the present Convention, Considering the fundamental role of treaties in the history of international relations, Recognizing the ever-increasing importance of treaties as a source of international law and as a means of developing peaceful cooperation.
VIENNA CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF TREATIES SIGNED AT VIENNA 23 May ENTRY INTO FORCE: 27 January. The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, regulating treaties between States, lies at the heart of international law.
This commentary interprets the Conventiona (TM)s 85 articles clearly and adrenalinperformance.coms: 1.
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, an international agreement governing treaties between states that was drafted by the International Law Commission of the United Nations and adopted on May 23,and that entered into force on January 27, United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law: M.
E. Villiger, Commentary on the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Netherlands, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, R.G. Wetzel & D.
Rauschning, The. Done at Vienna on 23 May The States Parties to the present Convention, Considering the fundamental role of treaties in the history of international relations.Download